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The brain may actively forget during dream sleep  

In a study of mice, researchers show that REM sleep may be a time when the brain actively forgets. Their results suggest that forgetting during sleep may be controlled by neurons found deep inside the brain that were previously known for making an appetite stimulating hormone.

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2019-09-20 13:57:50



Alzheimer's drug also treats parasitic Chagas disease  

The drugs currently used to treat Chagas disease, a neglected tropical disease, have serious side effects and limited use in those with chronic disease. Now, researchers have reported that memantine, a drug currently used to treat Alzheimer's disease, can diminish the number of parasites in mice with Chagas disease, and increase the survival rate of the animals.

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2019-09-20 13:23:04



Here's proof that bowel cancer screening reduces deaths  

New research shows just how effective bowel cancer screening is in helping to reduce the number of bowel cancer deaths by up to 45%.

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2019-09-20 13:18:37



Division by subtraction: Extinction of large mammal species likely drove survivors apart  

A new study suggests that the extinctions of mammoths, dire wolves and other large mammal species in North America drove surviving species to distance themselves from their neighbors, reducing interactions as predators and prey, territorial competitors or scavengers. The discovery could preview the ecological effects of future extinctions, the researchers say.

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2019-09-20 13:17:29



Staying at elementary school for longer associated with higher student attainment  

A new study has discovered that US students achieve better results in reading and mathematics tests when they stay in elementary school for grades 6 (age 11-12) and 7 (age 12-13), rather than transfer to middle school. In contrast, students in grade 8 (age 13-14) achieve better results in middle school than high school.

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2019-09-20 13:15:23



Key similarities discovered between human and archaea chromosomes  

A study has revealed key similarities between chromosomes in humans and archaea. The work could advance use of the single-celled organism in research on cancer.

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2019-09-20 13:07:39



Untapped resource, or greenhouse gas threat, found below rifting axis off Okinawa coast  

Using an automated method to create a high-resolution map of the seismic velocity below the seafloor, researchers found a large-scale gas reservoir in an area where the Earth's upper layers are being separated. This reservoir, the first of its kind, and the potential for others like it could have implications from natural resource or environmental standpoints depending on whether the trapped gas is methane or carbon dioxide and whether it remains trapped.

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2019-09-20 12:44:06



Cellular hitchhikers may hold a key to understanding ALS  

RNA molecules get around nerve cells by hitching a ride on lysosomes. Mutations frequently seen in ALS patients disrupt the process.

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2019-09-20 12:08:58



Where to park your car, according to math  

In a world where the best parking space is the one that minimizes time spent in the lot, physicists compare parking strategies and settle on a prudent approach.

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2019-09-20 12:03:40



Of Animal Germs and Pachyderms  

A novel approach for making Africa’s largest transfrontier conservation area a success -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-20 11:59:31



Carbon Dioxide Conversion Challenge could help human explorers live on Mars  

Greenbelt MD (SPX) Sep 20, 2019 On Earth, plants convert carbon dioxide (CO2) into carbohydrates and oxygen - food for them and oxygen for us to breathe. There aren't plants on Mars, but there is a lot of CO2. Technology that takes abundant resources, like CO2 found on the Red Planet, and turns them into useful supplies for human explorers could be key to long-term missions on Mars. Phase 2 of NASA's CO2 Conversion Chall

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2019-09-20 11:33:48



Corrosion resistance of steel bars in concrete when mixed with aerobic microorganisms  

Dissolved oxygen in pore solution is often a controlling factor determining the rate of the corrosion process of steel bars in concrete. This study reports on the corrosion resistance and polarization properties of steel bars in a mortar specimen mixed with aerobic microorganisms. The addition of the microorganisms in mortar mixtures led to higher corrosion resistance, which was confirmed by the reduced rate of oxygen permeability, based on cathodic polarization properties.

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2019-09-20 11:29:59



International space agencies to test-crash spacecraft into asteroid  

Paris (Sputnik) Sep 20, 2019 In 2015, the European Space Agency (ESA) and NASA announced the creation of the joint Asteroid Impact and Deflection Assessment (AIDA) project, which is designed to potentially deflect a space rock from impacting the Earth. Scientists are planning to launch and crash NASA's Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) spacecraft into an asteroid to test whether the impact is able to deflect its

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2019-09-20 11:28:23



US and Canada have lost more than 1 in 4 birds in the past 50 years  

Data show that since 1970, the US and Canada have lost nearly 3 billion birds, a massive reduction in abundance involving hundreds of species, from beloved backyard songbirds to long-distance migrants.

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2019-09-20 11:14:46



GomSpace and Leaf Space sign MoU to strengthen ground segment collaboration  

Aalborg, Danmark (SPX) Sep 20, 2019 Space, provider of ground station services, and GomSpace, manufacturer of nanosatellite solutions and operations services, will ensure that their respective solutions are fully integrated with each other. The MoU includes: + Leaf Space has integrated GomSpace transceivers in its Leaf Line Ground Segment service, which are now available to Leaf Space and GomSpace customers without int

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2019-09-20 10:58:14



'Nanochains' could increase battery capacity, cut charging time  

A new method could allow better materials to make up battery electrodes by converting them into a nanochain structure, extending battery lifetime and increasing stability.

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2019-09-20 10:52:12



A bathroom scale could monitor millions with heart failure  

Millions of heart failure patients are readmitted to hospitals every few months to adjust medications. It sends medical costs sky-high and patients suffer unnecessarily. A new bathroom scale could give clinicians the data they need to cut hospitalizations and treat patients remotely before they suffer too much.

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2019-09-20 10:48:46



When natural disasters strike, men and women respond differently  

Women tend to take cover or prepare to evacuate sooner, but often have trouble convincing the men in their life to do so, suggests a new study exploring how gender influences disaster response.

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2019-09-20 10:39:07



Why is the brain disturbed by harsh sounds?  

Neuroscientists have analyzed how people react when they listen to a range of different sounds, the aim being to establish the extent to which repetitive sound frequencies are considered unpleasant. Their results showed that the conventional sound-processing circuit is activated but that the cortical and sub-cortical areas involved in the processing of salience and aversion are also solicited. This explains why the brain goes into a state of alert on hearing this type of sound.

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2019-09-20 10:27:58



Engineers create ways to keep stone waste out of landfills  

Using polymers and natural stone slurry waste, researchers are manufacturing environmentally friendly stone composites. These new composites are made of previously discarded materials left behind during the cutting of natural structural or ornamental blocks for buildings, construction supplies or monuments. While reusing the waste material of natural stone production is common in cement, tile and concrete, adding the stone slurry to polymers is a new and innovative idea, explains an engineering

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2019-09-20 09:32:49



Saving lives faster: World-first laser incubator for blood  

Researchers have developed the world's first blood incubator using laser technology. This could prevent fatal blood transfusions in critically ill patients, and can detect antibodies in pregnant women that can kill a fetus.

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2019-09-20 09:27:18



Immediate Climate Action Is Needed to Avoid "Grim" Future, Scientists Warn  

Global warming is already taking a higher toll than researchers projected, a new study says -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-20 09:26:16



Putin briefed on results of probe into hole in Soyuz MS-09  

Moscow (Sputnik) Sep 20, 2019 Russian President Vladimir Putin has been briefed on the results of a probe into the mysterious hole in the hull of Soyuz MS-09 spaceship, a source in the space industry told Sputnik. "The president has been briefed on the results of the investigation," the source said. Dmitry Rogozin, the head of the state space agency Roscosmos, said Wednesday that the probe found out how the hole

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2019-09-20 09:04:05



Researchers find way to kill pathogen resistant to antibiotics  

Researchers have demonstrated a new strategy in fighting antibiotics resistance: the use of artificial haem proteins as a Trojan horse to selectively deliver antimicrobials to target bacteria, enabling their specific and effective sterilization. The technique killed 99.9% of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a potentially deadly, antibiotic-resistant bacterium present in hospitals. The strategy should also work for other dangerous bacteria.

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2019-09-20 08:48:21



Researchers revolutionize 3D printed products with data-driven design method  

Scientists have demonstrated a new cost-effective, data-driven approach by designing and 3D printing an ankle brace that has varying degrees of rigidity to provide both comfort and support for the user.

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2019-09-20 08:44:50



Migrating Birds Provide Surprising Snacks for Sharks    

Meticulous work reveals the identity of sharks’ feathered prey  -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-20 08:29:35



Perception of musical pitch varies across cultures  

Unlike US residents, people in a remote area of the Bolivian rain forest usually do not perceive the similarities between two versions of the same note played at different registers, an octave apart. This discovery may help scientists tease out elements of perception that cannot be seen when examining only a single, homogenous group.

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2019-09-20 08:23:14



Kleos Space wins first South American contract  

Luxembourg (SPX) Sep 20, 2019 Kleos Space S.A. (ASX: KSS, Frankfurt: KS1), a space-powered Radio Frequency Reconnaissance data-as-a-service (DaaS) company, is proud to inform that it has received its first South American pre-order secured by regional expert Pierre Duquesne who was engaged in July 2019. Pierre Duquesne, a Franco-German executive, was the former Managing Director for Airbus Intelligence in South America

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2019-09-20 08:15:08



We Deliver Vaccines to the World's Poorest, Hardest-to-Reach Children  

The 2019 Lasker-Bloomberg Public Service Award is a gratifying validation of the work we do at Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-20 07:48:28



Best performance of organic material for lithium battery anode using materials informatics  

A research group established a new design strategy for organic materials for the anode of lithium-ion secondary cells through the use of Materials Informatics (MI). A high-capacity and high-stability material was successfully obtained via an extremely small number of experiments.

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2019-09-20 07:45:20



Dengue virus becoming resistant to vaccines and therapeutics due to mutations in specific protein  

Researchers have discovered that the dengue virus changes its shape through mutations in Envelope protein to evade vaccines and therapeutics. The study also gives insights on the types of treatment strategies to use at different stages of infection. This could give rise to new approaches in vaccine development and treatment for dengue disease.

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2019-09-20 07:33:14



Researchers hone in on the elusive receptor for sour taste  

Sour is the taste of summer, a taste that evokes lemonade stands and vine-ripe tomatoes. Among the five basic tastes -- the others being bitter, sweet, salty and umami -- it is arguably the most subtle. In small amounts, it adds a critical tang to an otherwise bland dish. At higher concentrations and on its own, it's unpleasant or even painful.

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2019-09-20 07:28:52



Clarification of a new synthesis mechanism of semiconductor atomic sheet  

Researchers have succeeded in clarifying a new synthesis mechanism regarding transition metal dichalcogenides (TMD), which are semiconductor atomic sheets having thickness in atomic order. Because it is difficult to directly observe the aspect of the growing process of TMD in a special environment, the initial growth process remained unclear, and it has been desirable to elucidate a detailed mechanism of synthesis to obtain high-quality TMD.

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2019-09-20 07:21:11



Kentucky companies give NASA Artemis missions a boost  

Huntsville AL (SPX) Sep 20, 2019 When American astronauts set foot on the Moon's surface in 2024, men and women across Kentucky can say they helped to make it possible. NASA recognized three Kentucky businesses - Parker Hannifin Corp., American Synthetic Rubber Co., a Michelin company; and Eckart America Corp. - in Lexington and Louisville Sept. 18-19 for their continued support in supplying critical elements and tools fo

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2019-09-20 07:14:26



Malawi study confirms lasting impact of life-saving technology  

The Malawi Ministry of Health's national adoption of affordable, rugged, neonatal CPAP technology resulted in sustained improvements in the survival of babies with respiratory illness. The three-year study was conducted at 26 Malawi government hospitals that adopted Pumani CPAP devices as a part of routine hospital care between 2013 and 2016.

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2019-09-20 07:12:22



The next agricultural revolution is here  

By using modern gene-editing technologies to learn key insights about past agricultural revolutions, two plant scientists are suggesting that the next agricultural revolution could be at hand.

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2019-09-20 06:53:08



Antimicrobial resistance is drastically rising  

Researchers have shown that antimicrobial-resistant infections are rapidly increasing in animals in low and middle income countries. They produced the first global of resistance rates, and identified regions where interventions are urgently needed.

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2019-09-20 06:37:46



China's lunar rover discovers mysterious material on far side of Moon  

Beijing (Sputnik) Sep 20, 2019 Yutu-2, the lunar rover for China's Chang'e-4 mission, grabbed attention last month after its drive team spotted some unusual "gel-like" material while roving close to a small crater. The Chinese-language science outreach publication Our Space, which announced the findings on August 17, used the term "jiao zhuang wu", which can be translated as "gel-like," Space.com reported. This notion s

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2019-09-20 06:16:52



New insight as to how cells maintain their identity  

In the body's cells, some proteins are of vital importance as to which genes are active or turned off. Now, researchers have discovered which proteins are necessary in order to maintain the proper genetic regulation.

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2019-09-20 06:03:57



Super-resolution microscopy better than ever  

They can make tiny cell structures visible: cutting-edge light microscopes offer resolutions of a few tenths of a nanometer -- in other words, a millionth of a millimeter. Until now, super-resolution microscopes were much slower than conventional methods, because more or finer image data had to be recorded.

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2019-09-20 05:53:26



Researchers alter mouse gut microbiomes by feeding good bacteria their preferred fibers  

Humans choose food based on the way it looks, smells, and tastes. But the microbes in our guts use a different classification system -- one that is based on the molecular components that make up different fibers. Investigators found particular components of dietary fiber that encourage growth and metabolic action of beneficial microbes in the mouse gut.

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2019-09-20 05:44:57



Rethinking how cholesterol is integrated into cells  

Cholesterol is best known in connection with cardiovascular disease, but cholesterol is also vital for many fundamental processes in the body. Researchers have now presented a completely new, ground-breaking model for the integration and incorporation of cholesterol into cells, with great impact on our understanding of this important process.

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2019-09-20 05:39:16



Sound of the future: A new analog to quantum computing  

Researchers have demonstrated the possibility for acoustic waves in a classical environment to do the work of quantum information processing without the time limitations and fragility.

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2019-09-20 05:19:26



New study opens the door to flood resistant crops  

Of the major food crops, only rice is currently able to survive flooding. Thanks to new research, that could soon change -- good news for a world in which rains are increasing in both frequency and intensity.

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2019-09-20 05:05:28



Descendants of early Europeans and Africans in US carry Native American genetic legacy  

Many people in the US do not belong to Native American communities but still carry bits of Native American DNA, inherited from European and African ancestors who had children with indigenous individuals during colonization and settlement. In a new study researchers investigate this genetic legacy and what it can tell us about how non-natives migrated across the US.

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2019-09-20 04:54:46



Drones probe dust devils to understand Mars's atmosphere  

Geneva, Switzerland (SPX) Sep 20, 2019 Dust devils, small dusty whirlwinds, have been studied for decades. But, says Brian Jackson, an associate professor in the Department of Physics at Boise State University, the ability of dust devils to lift dust into the atmosphere remains murky. "When we compare theoretical predictions of how much dust a devil should lift to how much it does lift, the numbers just don't add up," says Jackson.

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2019-09-20 04:23:49



Surface melting causes Antarctic glaciers to slip faster towards the ocean  

Study shows for the first time a direct link between surface melting and short bursts of glacier acceleration in Antarctica. During these events, Antarctic Peninsula glaciers move up to 100% faster than average. Scientists call for these findings to be accounted for in sea level rise predictions.

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2019-09-20 04:17:32



Alcohol-producing gut bacteria could cause liver damage even in people who don't drink  

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the build-up of fat in the liver due to factors other than alcohol, but its cause remains unknown. Now, researchers have linked NAFLD to gut bacteria that produce a large amount of alcohol in the body, finding these bacteria in over 60% of NAFLD patients. Their findings could help develop a screening method for early diagnosis and treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver.

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2019-09-20 03:56:01



Personality feature could predict how often you exercise  

Individuals who make concrete plans to meet their goals may engage in more physical activity, including visits to the gym, compared to those who don't plan quite so far ahead, research shows. These findings suggest that self-reported levels of a trait called 'planfulness' may translate into real world differences in behavior.

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2019-09-20 03:49:32



The best of two worlds: Magnetism and Weyl semimetals  

Imagine a world in which electricity could flow through the grid without any losses or where all the data in the world could be stored in the cloud without the need for power stations. This seems unimaginable but a path towards such a dream has opened with the discovery of a new family of materials with magical properties.

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2019-09-20 03:49:27



NanoRacks to make space more accessible to the world from the United Arab Emirates  

Abu Dhabi UAE (SPX) Sep 20, 2019 NanoRacks, the world's leading provider of commercial access to space, is pleased to announce that it's opening and staffing its first office in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in Abu Dhabi's Hub71, a global tech ecosystem driven by Mubadala Investment Company, backed by the Abu Dhabi Government's Ghadan 21 program. This expansion highlights NanoRacks commitment to the growing space sector in the

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2019-09-20 03:48:26



Hub linking movement and motivation in brain identified  

Detailed observations in the lateral septum indicate that the well-connected region processes movement, and reward information to help direct behavior.

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2019-09-20 03:41:47



Sponge-like action of circular RNA aids heart attack recovery  

Circular RNAs, like other noncoding RNAs, were thought to be nonfunctional, but recent evidence suggests otherwise. Circular RNAs may in fact act like sponges to 'soak up,' or bind, other molecules, including microRNAs and proteins, and new work supports this idea. They describe, for the first time, a circular RNA that fills a critical role in tissue repair after heart attack, thanks to its ability to soak up harmful molecules.

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2019-09-20 03:27:36



Multicultural millennials respond positively to health 'edutainment'  

Storytelling that educates and entertains -- aka 'edutainment' -- is a powerful communications tool that can lead to positive health-related changes among multicultural millennials, according to a new marketing study.

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2019-09-20 03:05:50



Suicide Data Reveal New Intervention Spots, Such as Motels and Animal Shelters  

Patterns show places where people who intend to kill themselves go—and give health workers better chances to stop them -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-20 03:04:47



Hurricane Nicole sheds light on how storms impact deep ocean  

2016's Hurricane Nicole had a significant effect on the ocean's carbon cycle and deep sea ecosystems.

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2019-09-20 03:03:34



For the first time walking patterns identify specific types of dementia  

Walking may be a key clinical tool in helping medics accurately identify the specific type of dementia a patient has, pioneering research has revealed.

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2019-09-20 02:48:38



Introducing 'mesh,' memory-saving plug-in to boost phone and computer performance  

Applications like web browsers or smartphone apps often use a lot of memory. To address this, a research group has developed a system they call Mesh that can automatically reduce such memory demands.

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2019-09-20 01:51:05



Wild animals' immune systems decline with age, sheep study finds  

It is well established that weakened immune systems in old age affect people's health and fitness, but a study suggests that it is also an issue for wild animals.

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2019-09-20 01:48:54



Real-Life Zombies  

A zombie takeover is science fiction, right? Well, it turns out some zombies already exist in nature and “life” after brain death might not be so far-fetched -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-20 01:26:02



Unified sensor to better control effects of shock waves  

Researchers have developed a unified shock sensor to quickly and accurately dispel harmful shock waves.

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2019-09-19 20:23:14



Researchers investigate key component in bacteria  

A protective protein that detects newly-made incomplete protein chains in higher cells is found to have a relative in bacteria. There, the protein also plays a central role in quality control which ensures that defective proteins are degraded. The functional mechanism of these Rqc2 proteins must therefore have already existed several billion years ago in the so-called last universal common ancestor. Scientists have experimentally investigated the bacterial Rqc2 relative's function.

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2019-09-19 20:23:05



To grow or to flower: Genes IDed in early land plant descendant also found in modern crops  

Since they first arrived on land, plants have likely been using the same genetic tools to regulate whether they grow bigger or reproduce. The discovery was made using liverwort, one descendant of the first plants to move out of the ancient oceans and onto land.

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2019-09-19 20:03:22



Even short-lived solar panels can be economically viable  

A new study shows that, contrary to widespread belief within the solar power industry, new kinds of solar cells and panels don't necessarily have to last for 25 to 30 years in order to be economically viable in today's market.

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2019-09-19 19:58:14



How people with psychopathic traits control their 'dark impulses'  

How do people with psychopathic traits control their 'dark impulses?' A team of researchers are finding answers in levels of gray matter density in the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, a region of the brain involved in the regulation of emotions, including fear and anger.

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2019-09-19 19:15:34



4 Things to Watch at Next Week's Climate Summit  

U.N. chief António Guterres hopes to harness public opinion to push for more aggressive carbon reductions -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-19 17:15:47



Investments to address climate change are good business  

New research suggests that over the next few decades, acting to reduce climate change is expected to cost much less than the damage otherwise inflicted by climate change on people, infrastructure and ecosystems.

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2019-09-19 17:11:32



Genetic variants with possible positive implications for lifestyle  

A research team has examined the interplay between genetics, cardiovascular disease and educational attainment in a major population study. Genetic variants which had been linked to educational attainment in other studies were observed in the subjects. The researchers found that these variants also had implications for a more health-conscious lifestyle and thus a lower risk of cardiovascular disease - in some cases regardless of the level of education.

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2019-09-19 16:26:03



Electric tech could help reverse baldness  

Reversing baldness could someday be as easy as wearing a hat, thanks to a noninvasive, low-cost hair-growth-stimulating technology.

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2019-09-19 14:59:08



Giant Volcano on Jupiter's Moon Could Erupt Any Second  

A true color approximation of Jupiter's moon Io taken by the Galileo spacecraft in 1999. (credit: PIRL/University of Arizona) A volcano spread across an area greater than Lake Michigan could erupt any day. Located on Jupiter's moon Io scientists predict that Loki, named after the Norse trickster god, is due to explode sometime in mid-September. The volcano last erupted in May 2018, an event also predicted by scientists.  "Loki volcano is huge — 200 kilometers across. It...

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2019-09-19 14:48:05



AAN recommends people 65+ be screened yearly for memory problems  

To help physicians provide the highest quality patient-centered neurologic care, the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) is recommending physicians measure how frequently they complete annual assessments of people age 65 and older for thinking and memory problems.

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2019-09-19 13:59:12



Medications underused in treating opioid addiction  

Though research shows that medication-assisted treatment can help people who are addicted to opioids, the three drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are underused, according to a review of current medical data on opioid addiction in the U.S.

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2019-09-19 13:45:52



Global Warming May Dwindle the Supply of a Key Brain Nutrient  

Diminishing levels of an omega-3 fatty acid may have health consequences, including a higher risk for depression, ADHD and early dementia -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-19 13:44:42



Appreciating the classical elegance of time crystals  

Structures known as 'time crystals' -- which repeat in time as conventional crystals repeat in space -- have recently captured the interest and imagination of researchers across disciplines. The concept has emerged from the context of quantum many-body systems, but physicists have now developed a versatile framework that clarifies connections to classical works dating back nearly two centuries, thus providing a unifying platform to explore seemingly dissimilar phenomena.

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2019-09-19 13:40:34



Planned roads would be 'dagger in the heart' for Borneo's forests and wildlife  

Malaysia's plans to create a Pan-Borneo Highway will severely degrade one of the world's most environmentally imperiled regions, says a research team.

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2019-09-19 13:24:57



Did a common childhood illness take down the neanderthals?  

A new study suggests that the extinction of Neanderthals may be tied to persistent, life-long ear infections due to the structure of their Eustachian tubes, which are similar to those of human infants.

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2019-09-19 13:09:54



Making Medicine More Compassionate  

It's crucial—and it's teachable -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-19 13:04:22



Decoding how kids get into hacking  

New research has identified characteristics and gender-specific behaviors in kids that could lead them to become juvenile hackers. The researchers assessed responses from 50,000 teens from around the world to determine predictors of hacking and are the first to dig into gendered differences from a global data set.

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2019-09-19 12:22:07



This is What Denisovans May Have Looked Like  

This is an estimate of what Denisovan's may have looked like, based on a new DNAS analysis technique. (Credit: Maayan Harel) Every time archaeologists pry the remains of a newly-identified human ancestor from the earth, there's one question we care about most: What did they look like? For the first time, researchers have tried to answer that burning query about Denisovans, one of the most intriguing ancient relatives on our family tree. Discovered in 2010 in a Siberian cave, th...

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2019-09-19 12:07:52



New global Space Safety Coalition established  

Maui HI (SPX) Sep 19, 2019 A first-of-its-kind global ad hoc coalition dedicated to developing and maintaining a set of "living" space-safety best practices was announced at the Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies Conference - AMOS. The new coalition, the Space Safety Coalition (SSC), is comprised of space operators, space industry associations and space industry stakeholders. SSC aims to lead

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2019-09-19 11:54:48



Scientists identify a possible new treatment for diabetic retinopathy  

About 1 in 3 diabetic patients develops diabetic retinopathy (DR), which can impair vision and lead to blindness. A new study provides clear evidence that high glucose increases the levels of enzymatic precursor -- lysyl oxidase propeptide (LOX-PP) -- that promotes cell death, which was verified in an animal model of diabetes. These findings may help develop novel DR treatments by targeting LOX-PP or its metabolites.

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2019-09-19 11:40:53



New protocol to improve gene therapy tool production  

A method to create a faster and lower cost alternative for a gene therapy tool.

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2019-09-19 11:11:22



Audit faults NASA for failing to detect schedule delays for moon return  

Washington (Sputnik) Sep 19, 2019 NASA's push to return humans to the Moon by 2024 is threatened by a failure to account for schedule delays and cost overruns, the General Accountability Office said in a report on Wednesday. "For example, NASA should enhance contract management and oversight to improve program outcomes," the report said. "NASA's past approach in this area has left it ill-positioned to identify early warnin

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2019-09-19 11:11:08



As Land Degrades, India Struggles to Save Its Farms  

The impacts of development and climate change on arable land are posing major threats to India's economy and farmers -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-19 11:10:16



A new approach to touch-screen set-up position for best physical workload and visibility  

This study aimed to propose a new method for a bi-objective optimization. Ten student participants used a touch screen at 3 different installation heights, 3 tilt angles and with 3 button sizes. The joint angles, while using a touch screen, were measured to estimate physical workload. With the subjective screen visibility determined, the Pareto optimal solution showed ranges of 1124-1251 mm height and 44.4-67.9° tilt angle for the optimal installation of touch screens.

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2019-09-19 10:36:51



Why Our Disabilities Make Us Better Scientists despite the Odds against Us  

But the research world raises barriers to our full participation -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-19 10:35:45



New mechanism for dysfunctional insulin release identified  

Researchers have identified a previously unknown mechanism that regulates release of insulin, a hormone that lowers blood glucose levels, from the beta cells of the pancreas. This mechanism is disrupted in type 2 diabetes. The scientists hope this finding will be used to develop new treatments against the disease.

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2019-09-19 10:35:42



Hubble Spots a Dim, Dark Matter-Rich Galaxy  

(Credit: ESA/Hubble & NASA, D. Calzetti) Some 30 million light-years from Earth, a faint monster lurks in the constellation Cetus the Whale. Astronomers dub the object UGC 695, and astronomers recently caught this image of it using the Hubble Space Telescope. It's a galaxy fainter than even the background brightness of our planet's atmosphere, which makes it tough to see with Earth-bound telescopes. These so-called "low-surface-brightness galaxies" get their ...

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2019-09-19 10:33:28



Neurological signals from the spinal cord surprise scientists  

With a study of the network between nerve and muscle cells in turtles, researchers have gained new insight into the way in which movements are generated and maintained. In the long term, the new knowledge may have an impact on the treatment of, for example, ALS and spinal cord injuries.

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2019-09-19 10:30:20



Asteroid Dust Triggered an Explosion of Life on Ancient Earth  

466 million years ago, the break-up of a large space rock may have led to major changes in our planet’s biodiversity -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-19 10:15:56



Scientists develop technique to observe radiation damage over femtoseconds  

Scientists have developed a technique to observe how radiation damages molecules over time-frames of just one quadrillionth of a second -- or a femtosecond.

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2019-09-19 10:12:43



Circulating molecules in blood may be stepping stone for type 1 diabetes early prediction  

Researchers have found changes in molecules in the blood that might be new markers of type 1 diabetes. New findings may help understand the early pathogenesis of the disease.

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2019-09-19 09:47:53



Let there be light: Synthesizing organic compounds  

The appeal of developing improved drugs to promote helpful reactions or prevent harmful ones has driven organic chemists to better understand how to synthetically create these molecules and reactions in the laboratory. A team has taken a step toward making this wish a reality with their latest study.

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2019-09-19 09:20:27



Clinically silent relapsing malaria may still pose a threat  

Nonhuman primates with clinically undetectable Plasmodium relapse infections still harbor parasitic gametocytes that may be infectious to mosquitoes, according to a new study.

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2019-09-19 09:11:47



The Problem with Failing to Admit We Don't Know  

Although numbers are often treated as cold, hard facts, we should be willing to acknowledge how uncertain they can be -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-19 09:01:14



Humanity's Journey  

-- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-19 08:59:21



How Microbiomes Could Save the Planet  

Communities of microorganisms play a key role in human health. Can they also help provide solutions for a sustainable future? -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-19 08:47:12



New target regulating mitochondria during stress  

Like an emergency response team that is called into action to save lives, stress response proteins in the heart are activated during a heart attack to help prevent cell death. As part of this process, researchers show for the first time that one of these specialized emergency responder proteins, known as MCUB, temporarily decreases harmful levels of calcium transport into mitochondria, the energy-generating batteries of cells.

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2019-09-19 08:39:26



A Planetary Computer to Avert Environmental Disaster  

We need a worldwide network that could harness computing power to provide actionable solutions for climate change[or something…] -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-19 08:27:35



A Simple Test Predicts What Kindergartners Will Earn as Adults  

Psychologists zero in on the skills that predict future success -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com

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2019-09-19 08:27:24






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